Blanketing Glossary

Different Types of Horse Apparel

Sheets

Sheets don’t have any fill, (just like the sheets on your bed) so they’re the lightest piece of apparel in your horse’s wardrobe. There are many different types of sheets and I’ve listed the most common ones below:

  • Stable Sheet – The stable sheet is the piece of apparel people are usually referring to when they simply say “sheet”. Usually made from cotton, poly/cotton, nylon or canvas, stable sheets are designed to keep the coat clean and provide a light layer of warmth.
  • Show Scrim – Scrims are extremely lightweight, open-weave sheets designed to keep your horse clean ringside at shows. Usually made from poly/cotton or nylon fabric and embroidered with the horse or barn name, scrims are generally considered to be more about style than function.
  • Anti-Sweat Sheet – Similar to scrims, anti-sweat sheets have an open-weave that increases breathability and reduces sweat build-up. They are usually made from 100% cotton or a poly/cotton blend to help wick away moisture. Anti-sweat sheets are a great option after summer rides when you want to keep your horse clean while he cools out.
  • Fly Sheet – Designed to protect your horse from pesky bugs, fly sheets are lightweight, breathable and durable enough to withstand turnout. Some fly sheets offer UV protection, while others may be treated with insect repellants for extra bug-blocking power.
  • Rain Sheet – Rain sheets offer waterproof protection for your horse and your tack. They’re great for horse shows or stables where the indoor is not attached to the barn. Traditional rain sheets cover the horse from the poll to the top of the tail, however they’re not very secure and therefore not recommended for use in turnout.
  • Turnout Sheet – Just like rain sheets, turnout sheets are completely waterproof due to a special coating. Unlike rain sheets, turnout sheets are very secure and designed to stay in place when your horse is running out in the field. Some blanket manufacturers refer to turnout sheets as “light turnout blankets”, since they serve the same function (lightweight waterproof protection.)
  • Dress Sheet – Dress sheets are finely crafted fleece, wool or wool blend sheets that offer both style and functionality. They keep your horse cozy (and looking fabulous) on chilly horse show mornings, wick away moisture when he’s cooling out and can be used as blanket liners for extra warmth in particularly cold weather.

Quarter Sheets

Usually made of fleece or wool, quarter sheets are designed to cover your horse’s hindquarters and wrap up under the saddle flaps or over your legs when you’re riding. Many riders prefer to use quarter sheets just for the warm up, while others keep them on for the entire ride, especially during long, cool-weather trail rides.

Cooler

Coolers come in two styles: square and fitted. Square coolers are oversized and loose, draping over your horse from the poll to the top of the tail and hanging just below the belly. Fitted coolers are snug-fitting, like stable sheets, and the term “fitted cooler” is often used interchangeably with “dress sheet”. Regardless of the cut, coolers are made from fleece or wool that draws moisture away from the skin while trapping heat; helping to keep horses warm and dry, not cold and clammy, as they cool out after winter riders.

Stable Blankets

Stable blankets are similar in style and material to stable sheets, but unlike sheets, blankets are filled, like the comforter on your bed. They come in a range of weights, offering different levels of warmth so that you can dress your horse according to the weather. Because the exterior material is not waterproof, stable blankets are generally used when the horse is in the stall. For waterproof protection, some owners will layer a turnout sheet over their horse’s stable blanket when the horse is outside.

Turnout Blankets

Turnout blankets combine the warmth of a stable blanket with the waterproofing of a turnout sheet. Just like stable blankets, turnout blankets come in a range of weights, to allow for temperature fluctuations throughout the winter. Their exterior material has a waterproof coating and a breathable membrane to keep your horse warm and dry through the worst winter weather. Some manufacturers, particularly those in Europe, will refer to turnout blankets as “turnout rugs”.

Glossary of Blanket Features

  • Weight/Fill – The weight of a blanket refers to the amount of fill, or “stuffing”, which is measured in grams. A lightweight blanket (aka “sheet”) has 0g or no fill. Medium-weight blankets have anywhere from 150-225g of fill. Heavyweight blankets have 250-370g of fill, with a few ultra-heavyweight blankets weighing in at 400g of fill.
  • Denier – Denier is the measure of nylon fiber density, and is used to rate the strength of the exterior material on horse blankets. Like fill weight, denier varies greatly from one blanket to the next. A higher denier, like 1200D, indicates the blanket is more durable and more water-resistant than a lower denier, like 600D.
  • Rip-Stop – Rip-stop nylon features a checkerboard weave that helps prevent small rips from spreading, so you can patch a small hole instead of replacing the entire blanket.
  • Ballistic – Ballistic nylon was originally developed for use in bulletproof vests. Ballistic nylon turnout blankets won’t stop bullets, but they will put up with a lot of abuse.
  • Lining – Because the exterior material is often quite rough, in order to stand up to the elements, many blankets have liners that are softer against your horse’s skin. Cotton or poly/cotton linings are absorbent, nylon linings help polish the coat and mesh linings enhance air flow and moisture management.
  • High Neck – This style of turnout blanket is cut significantly higher up on the horse’s neck, offering extended protection from the elements.
  • Neck Rug/Neck Cover – These separate pieces are made from the same material as turnout blankets, and are designed to attach to the turnout blanket for more complete coverage. Many owners use neck rugs to adjust their horse’s level of protection and warmth as the temperature fluctuates.
  • Hood – Like neck rugs, hoods are separate pieces that can be used for extra warmth. Unlike neck rugs, hoods are made from the same material as stable blankets and cover the horse’s face, as well as the neck.
  • Front Closures
    • Buckle-Front – Just like a regular belt buckle, usually nylon straps with a metal buckle. Offers a lot of adjustability.
    • Surcingle – Also known as “T-locks”, surcingle closures on the front of the blanket will function just like the belly surcingles, with two metal pieces that interlock to keep the blanket closed.
    • Quick-Clip – Any metal snap or clip fastener that you can open and close with one hand. Really “handy” to have if you’re taking blankets on and off repeatedly. Easy to use with gloves, which is a big plus in the winter!
    • V-Front – Usually cut a little higher on the neck, V-Front blankets fasten lower on the chest, eliminating pressure when the horse has his head down.
    • Closed Front – Closed-front blankets have no opening in the chest, so they’re taken on and off over the head. The smooth, streamlined fit helps eliminates bunching and rubs.
    • Shoulder Gussets – Gusseted blankets have an extra piece of fabric sewn in at the shoulder, to allow for great range of motion.
    • Padded Withers – Fleece or foam padding at the withers can reduce rubbing, a common problem for many horses.
    • Leg Arches™ – With Horseware Ireland’s patented Leg Arches™, the edge of the blanket is cut back around the legs to allow for movement without interference or rubs from the blanket.
    • Surcingle – The belly strap(s) that is primarily responsible for keeping the blanket in place. Sheets and blankets can have anywhere from one to three surcingles, with two being the most common. The more surcingles on the blanket, the more likely it is to stay in place.
    • Leg Straps – These straps criss-cross between the horse’s back legs, providing stability, preventing the blanket from riding up or shifting out of place.
    • Tail Flap/Tail Cover – An extra swatch of fabric that covers the tail area, usually to the bottom of the tail bone, to help seal out cold winds.
    • Tail Cord – This cord ties the back ends of the blanket together and rests under the tail, helping to keep the blanket in place.

Whew, we made it! Did you get all that? Do you have any questions that weren’t answered? Call 1-877-885-2904 or email CustomerCare@SmartPak.com and we’d be happy to help.

Otherwise, check out the Blanketing 101 post, where we’ll talk about how to find the perfect blankets for your horse!

Sarah Paull

Sarah Paull is a lifelong rider and SmartPak’s Brand Manager. You may know her better as the life-size foam finger from the London Olympics, the host of USEF Network’s Live from London coverage, or “that girl from the Stuff Riders Say videos.” Prior to joining SmartPak in 2008, Sarah worked as a Veterinary Technician at B.W. Furlong & Associates in Oldwick, NJ, and obtained her degree in Equine Science from Centenary College. Sarah is the proud mom of Cody, a semi-retired, 23-year-old Quarter Horse gelding, and she’s currently looking for an eventing partner to help her get rid of all the extra time, money and energy she doesn’t actually have :-) If you're interested in her often-horsey, always-odd musings, follow @SmartPakerSarah on Twitter.

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7 comments on “Blanketing Glossary
  1. Suzanne says:

    You guys are so awesome! I’ve never been able to find this information and am thrilled with your thorough tutorial! As always, thanks for simplifying life!

  2. caligirl says:

    This tutorial was very helpful! Now I understand what to get for my horses and what will be warm enough for them on the cold days coming! Thanks for making this page available. Learned a lot!!!

  3. Kelli says:

    This site is wonderful. I have tried to find this kind of information everywhere… perfect for the first time
    ‘blanketer’ like me!

  4. Jane says:

    Finally, I have been looking for this type of information. I appriciate you breaking down the facts so I can make an informed decision on what I am really looking for. My horse will be the real winner. Thanks again!

  5. Kelly says:

    Yes trying to decide on a blanket is maddening! I want a medium weight “waterproof” blanket. “Waterproof” is my main goal,then warmth. And of course it has to fit the budget! (I need 2) Help!

    Then what is the trick to caring for a waterproof blanket?

    • Jamie says:

      “Then what is the trick to caring for a waterproof blanket?” The most important thing — critical — is to have it laundered properly. Your blanket service should wash it according to manufacturer’s recommendation for soap and water temp and **line-dry** the blanket. Our blanket-washing service has a dedicated drying room that is heated by radiant floor heat, that’s where the blankets hang to dry. Putting a waterproof blanket in the dryer is a short-cut to failure.

      For good value, I like Weatherbeeta and Rider’s International (by Dover). I’ve not tried the SmartPak blankets, but they look good and I trust SmartPak to provide a quality product. The biggest challenge sometimes is getting the right fit! For each horse, I tend to find a model or two that fit well, and stick with them.

    • SmartPak SmartPak says:

      Hi Kelly, Thanks for your question! All of our turnout blankets (http://www.SmartPakEquine.com/horse-turnouts-307pc.aspx) offer 100% waterproofing, so they’re sure to keep your horse cozy and dry. Just about every turnout blanket we carry comes in a medium weight (around 200-220 grams of fill), so you should be able to sort by price to find one that fits your budget and comes in a color or style that you like. If you’d rather not sort through all the options, we can tell you that our customers love the SmartPak Deluxe Turnout Blanket (http://www.SmartPakEquine.com/smartpak-deluxe-turnout-blanket–7376p.aspx), Amigo 1200D Bravo 12 Turnout (http://www.SmartPakEquine.com/amigo-1200d-bravo-12-turnout-9744p.aspx), Orican Freestyle Turnout (http://www.SmartPakEquine.com/orican-freestyle-turnout-6378p.aspx) and SmartPak Classic Turnout Blankets (http://www.SmartPakEquine.com/smartpak-classic-turnout-blanket-7374p.aspx). All four of these blankets offer great protection, a medium weight option and a budget-friendly price.

      As for caring for your new turnout blanket, you won’t want to wash it too often, as the vast majority of turnout blankets get their waterproofing from an external coating which can wear away if washed too often or with strong detergents. Our preferred method is to use a stiff brush to remove dirt, mud and dander from the inside and outside of the blanket on a regular basis. When you do need to wash it, you should either hand wash it or use a front load machine with cool water and mild soap, and then hang the blanket out to dry (machine drying is not recommended). If you don’t have a front load machine that can handle your blanket, or a place to let it hang and dry, or if you’d rather simply leave it to the pros, there are plenty of services that will not only launder your blankets for you, they’ll reapply the waterproof coating to keep your blanket going strong. We love Quality Equine Laundry (http://www.qualityequinelaundry.com/index.html), and use their convenient service for all of our horses’ clothing. Hope this is helpful!

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